Children and Heirs
26 For ye are all the children of God by faith in Christ Jesus.
27 For as many of you as have been baptized into Christ have put on Christ.
28 There is neither Jew nor Greek, there is neither bond nor free, there is neither male nor female: for ye are all one in Christ Jesus.
29 And if ye be Christ’s, then are ye Abraham’s seed, and heirs according to the promise.
Under grace the believer is no longer under the surveillance of the schoolmaster, the guardianship of law. Rather the believer is now a full-grown son. Instead of the believer being under the control the Law and because of his vital union with Christ — that union being the product of his faith in Christ — is now a child of God. Whether Jew or Gentile, bond or free, male or female. All believers have the same status as children of God.
- Baptized into Christ, baptizo – defined to put or place into — the Holy Spirit places the believing sinner into vital union with Christ. This is not water baptism.
- The word baptism is used of a metal worker who dips a piece of hot iron in water, tempering it. Introducing the iron into the new environment changes its condition.
- When the sinner believes on Christ for salvation, the Holy Spirit baptizes the believing sinner into Christ. He is placed in Christ permanently. His environment has changed, his relationship to God has changed from condemnation to acceptance in the Kingdom of God.
- The power of the sinful nature is broken, and the divine nature implanted
To “put on someone” is an ancient idiom for assuming the standing or relationship of another. To “put on” Christ would be to assume His standing before God. Thus, believers are the righteous children of God.
In Christ all divisions are done away with. There is one life, one mind, and one heart. Ephesians 4:4-6 states:
4 There is one body, and one Spirit, even as ye are called in one hope of your calling;
5 One Lord, one faith, one baptism,
6 One God and Father of all, who is above all, and through all, and in you all.
The one life, will and energy of the believer is in Christ. In Christ, Jew and Gentile alike are equal in the sight of God.
In verse 29, Paul contrast with the Judaizers who taught that being placed under the Law made one the progeny of Abraham and thus receive favor from God. Paul shows that faith in Christ, the promised seed of Abraham, makes Abraham the spiritual father of all believers.